IGAD: Uganda Takes Center Stage in Efforts to Resolve Horn of Africa Conflicts
The 42nd Extraordinary Assembly of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Heads of State and Government concluded on Thursday, addressing pressing concerns surrounding the Republic of Sudan and escalating tensions between Ethiopia and Somalia.
Chaired by H.E. Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of Djibouti, the assembly included notable leaders such as H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of Uganda, and representatives from key international bodies. The meeting delved into the recent developments in the region.
Arising from statements and subsequent deliberations on the situation in the Republic of the Sudan and recent developments in the relation between the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Federal Republic of Somalia;
The assembly highlighted key issues;
Concerns Over Ethiopia-Somalia Relations: The assembly expressed deep concern over recent developments in the relationship between the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Federal Republic of Somalia. It urged both nations to de-escalate tensions and engage in constructive dialogue, emphasizing respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity.
Sudan Conflict: The ongoing conflict in the Republic of Sudan drew significant attention. IGAD reaffirmed its commitment to facilitating an all-inclusive peace process, urging parties to commit to dialogue and negotiation. The assembly called for an immediate ceasefire and cessation of hostilities, emphasizing the Sudanese people's right to determine their future.
IGAD's Role and Commitments: The IGAD Member States pledged to use all means and capabilities to ensure a peaceful resolution to the Sudan conflict. The assembly directed the IGAD Secretariat to revise the roadmap for conflict resolution in Sudan within one month. It also called for a Sudanese-owned and Sudanese-led process toward a democratic government and urged international support for the peace process.
African Union Involvement: The assembly welcomed the African Union Commission's appointment of a High-Level Panel for Sudan. It encouraged collaborative efforts with IGAD and other stakeholders in facilitating the peace process.
Next Steps: The IGAD Secretariat, in coordination with the African Union Commission, is tasked with revising the roadmap and convening a Sudanese-owned process. The assembly remains actively involved in overseeing these critical matters.